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Web Design, A Brief History.

The history of the Internet is short, but so much has changed within that time. It has radically changed how we live our lives. Also, the internet has created thousands of jobs that did not exist a decade ago. These include jobs in SEO marketing, online telemarketing, freelance writing, blogging and perhaps mostly in web design.

HTML – First Generation

The World Wide Web came into being in 1994, created by Tim Berners-Lee. HTML was the only coding language for web design back then, and there wasn’t much freedom when it comes to design. Because of this, web designers could only create simple layouts, text, tables and links with little or no graphics. It is considered the ‘Bronze Age’ of Web Design. Even if web sites were not design-centered back then, developers were already thinking about how they can make their sites more visually appealing.

Earliest HTML Website

The World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) was created to prevent large companies from monopolizing web design code. If only one company is able to control web coding and design, the story of internet and web design would have been different. W3C is still responsible for governing the coding techniques, rules and guidelines. They also update web designers to any changes they will make. It is important for designers to follow the guidelines set by the body so that the site will work cohesively in search engines and browsers without errors.


In the 1990s Mosaic was introduced to the public, which was a free browser program. Mosaic was the first commercial browser that allowed the public access to online content. It was designed by Marc Andreesen and Eric Bina, and originally ran on the Unix system. By 1994 the Mosaic web browser became available to other OS such as Mac, Windows and Amiga OS.

Second Generation

It was during 1992 to 1994 that other developers started adding their own bits of HTML codes. Preventing confusion of the ever-increasing HTML 1 tags, the HTML 2 was born. The internet has become faster, and web designers are now given more HTML capabilities. Coding has become a bit more complicated, and graphics have become more frequent.

Third Generation

In 1995, more HTML tags emerged and HTML 3 was born. Designers had option to use HTML B tables and style sheets. That same year, Microsoft released Internet Explorer.

During this time, designers have more freedom to customize and beautify their web design. Third generation web sites can now have colourful or patterned backgrounds. They also had animated images, thanks to .gif. Flash was also introduced, which is a fresh breath of air. It changed the whole landscape of web design, from static to dynamic.

Fourth Generation

Today’s web sites are classified in the fourth generation. Aside from HTML, web designers can play with other coding tools such as JavaScript, Flash, XML, CSS, etc. HTML 5 is the 5th revision of the HTML language, and this is the one currently used now. HTML is the solution to most problems and syntax errors found in HTML 4 and XHTML 1.1. HTML 5 attempts to define a mark-up language for both HTML & XHTML syntax. HTML 5 also added plenty of new syntax features, including the integration of SVG content, and adding <video>, <audio> & <canvas>. This means it is now easier to add multimedia content without any more plug-ins, etc. Other elements designed to improve the semantic document content are: <header>, <article>, <section>, etc.

Because of the remarkable additions, the need for other plugins such as videos, flash and Java is greatly reduced. HTML is improving and moving towards every direction. HTML5 is compatible with various web browsers such as Mozilla Firefox, Apple Safari, Internet Explorer or Google Chrome.

This is an example of a 4th generation website using html: 5


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